Climate: mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Terrain: primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west.
Environment Issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; depletion of water resources; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water
Ethnic Groups: Arab ~50%, Alawite ~15%, Kurd ~10%, Levantine ~10%, other ~15% (includes Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian).
Languages: Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English.
Government Type: presidential republic; highly authoritarian regime
URGENT is engaged in the following activities within Syria:
- Church Planting
- Humanitarian Efforts
Praise God that Christian Syrians are allowed by their government to practice their faith. Though Christians are not given full rights as citizens, they are able to worship together. Christians who convert from Islam, however, are subject to attacks by militant Islamists. Remaining areas in the country are controlled by extremist groups, and in these areas it is not possible to publicly practice Christianity. (Source: Open Doors)
- Pray that Syrian Christians might be able to safely worship together.
- Pray for Islamic extremists to be confronted by the truth of the gospel message.
- Pray for the rights of all citizens to be restored.
- Security Tier: 1
- Religion: Muslim
- Engagement Scale: 1
33.8938° N, 35.5018° E
(1=High to 50=Low)